Monday, October 4, 2010

Alam Sekitar

Malaysia adalah negara yang kaya dengan sumber semula jadi.Sumber-sumber ini terdiri daripada pelbagai spesis flora dan fauna, bahan mineral, tanah yang subur, air minuman yang bersih dan antara hutan hujan tertua di dunia.
Ditambah pula dengan ekonomi negara yang kukuh, rakyat Malaysia mudah memperoleh segala keperluan asas mereka. Adalah mudah untuk bersikap sambil lewa dan menganggap sumber-sumber iniadalah tidak terhad. Sebenarnya, sumber-sumber alam semakin berkurangan.
Pemusnahan hutan, pemanasan global dan kekurangan air bersih adalah antara isu-isu yang sedang dihadapi oleh negara-negara di seluruh dunia. Satu-satunya cara untuk memastikan kelangsungan hidup kita adalah dengan menjaga alam sekitar secara aktif.
Klik pada pautan-pautan berikut untuk mengetahui tentang langkah-langkah penjagaan alam sekitar.


There are a few countries in the world where fresh water flows freely and in abundance. Rainfall is plentiful in Malaysia, and therefore it becomes easy to take fresh water for granted. The truth is that Malaysia is on the verge of a major water crisis and effort is required from all its citizens to help improve the situation.
The following are a list of things we can all do to conserve water usage:
  1. Turn the tap off while brushing your teeth. 
  2. Use a basin of water for shaving
  3. Take quick showers rather than baths
  4. Make sure all leaks are fixed
  5. Install low and dual flush cisterns
  6. Install low flow shower heads and faucet aerators (which disperses water, making it more efficient)
  7. Use grey water (water used for washing) to water plants
  8. Water plants in the morning and evenings. Watering during midday heightens evaporation and leaves less for the plants
  9. Wash dishes with a tub of water instead of running the tap
On top of conserving water, it is important to ensure that we prevent our drinking water from being polluted. These are steps we can take to guard against water pollution.

  • Do not throw in the trash, pour down the drain or dump on the ground paint, antifreeze, motor oil, and other household hazardous wastes, because they can migrate to your water source.

  • Plant native plants instead of traditional lawn grass to avoid the use of herbicies, pesticides and fertilizers.

  • Waste and Recycling

    Issues with overflowing landfill sites are a problem in many countries and Malaysia is no exception. Some countries are attempting to overcome this problem by incinerating the waste. However, the quantum of waste which is incinerated is small and incineration is not without its problems.
    We have to do our part in ensuring that the amount of waste going to landfills is kept at a minimum. These are things we can do :

  • Bring your own bags when doing grocery shopping instead of using plastic bags.

  • Buy in bulk. This will save you money and also reduce the amount of packaging used.

  • Reuse

  • Bring your own to the office instead of using disposable cups

  • Buy reusable containers for storing food

  • Buy sturdy grocery shopping bags which can be reused again and again

  • Bring your own container when buying takeout food

  • Use energy efficient light bulbs which not only lasts longer, but save on electricity as well

  • Sell or donate goods which you no longer want to use

  • Use rechargeable batteries

  • Recycle

  • Participate in your community recycling programme (if there are no programmes, start one)

  • Recycle car batteries and motor oils

  • Separate your rubbish into recyclable and non-recyclable

  • Start a composit pit using your organic waste (but not in highly populated areas as this can attract rodents and pests). This becomes good and natural fertilizer for our plants

  • Use items which have been made from recycled materials (toilet paper, bottles, containers)